Gum Recession (Loss)
Over the tooth's root surface is a layer of bone which is covered by a layer of gum tissue. Due to a number of factors such as gum inflammation, excessively thin gum tissue, tooth positioning that stretches the gum tissue, and very rough tooth brushing, gum loss can occur.
When gum recession occurs, the bone beneath the receding part deteriorates as well, leaving the root of the tooth exposed. This situation may start slowly and continue at a more rapid rate.
Concerns with gum recession are numerous. As we lose gum and bone, over time we begin losing teeth. In addition, roots of teeth are not protected by enamel like the chewing parts of our teeth, leaving them more prone to decay and the need for root canals. Patients also report an increase in sensitivity to hot and cold temperatures and are unhappy with the appearance of "longer" teeth.